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북,제5차 핵시험 단행 가능성 보여 세계관심

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작성자 편집실 작성일16-09-09 13:05 조회6,010회 댓글5건

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북조선은 9일 오전 5.0의 지진파동을 발생시킨 5차 핵실험을 단행했을 가능성이 높아 보인다. 남녘의 인터네트 언론 자주시보는 9월9일자 보도를 통해 "인공지진은 자연지진과 관측기에 도달하는 파장이 달라 쉽게 구분이 된다. 특히 인공지진발생 지역이 그간 북이 핵시험을 했던 풍계리인 점으로 미루어 5차 핵시험일 가능성이 매우 높아보인다."라고 보도하며 이에 대한 연합뉴스 보도자료를 포함하여 종합적으로 관측한 내용을 보도했다.북녘 언론들이 공식보도하면 곧 게재할 것이다.[민족통신 편집실]



북,제5차 핵시험 단행 가능성 보여 세계관심



           북 핵실험 전격 단행한듯, 풍계리 규모 5.0 인공지진 발생
이창기 기자 
기사입력: 2016/09/09 [10:27]  최종편집: ⓒ 자주시보
▲     © 자주시보

 

 

북이 그간 핵시험을 실시했던 풍계리 핵실험장 인근에서 9일 오전 인공지진으로 추정되는 규모 5.0의 지진이 발생, 북한이 5차 핵실험을 단행했을 가능성이 제기되고 있다.


인공지진은 자연지진과 관측기에 도달하는 파장이 달라 쉽게 구분이 된다. 특히 인공지진발생 지역이 그간 북이 핵시험을 했던 풍계리인 점으로 미루어 5차 핵시험일 가능성이 매우 높아보인다.

 

연합뉴스 유럽지중해지진센터는 이날 오전 9시(북한시간·한국시간 오전 9시30분) 북한에서 규모 5.0 지진이 발생했다고 밝혔다. 


미국지질조사국(USGS)은 이번 지진 규모를 5.3이라고 밝혔고, 중국지진센터는 5.0이라고 전했다.

진앙은 북한 청진 남서쪽 78㎞ 부근으로, 핵실험장이 위치한 풍계리 인근이다. 진원의 깊이는 USGS와 중국지진센터는 0㎞라고 밝혔다. 유럽지진센터는 진원 깊이를 당초 2㎞라고 밝혔다가 15km로 수정했다.

중국지진센터는 이번 지진이 폭발로 의심된다고 설명했다.

앞서 북한이 지난 1월 6일 4차 핵실험을 실시했을 때도 규모 5.0의 인공지진이 발생했다.

 

▲ 1953년 8월 12일 소련은 첫 열핵융합탄실험을 진행하였다. 기폭순간에 엄청난 핵뢰성이 진동하면서 핵화염이 하늘을 뒤덮고, 핵폭풍이 땅을 휩쓸고, 핵진동이 지축을 뒤흔들었으며, 400킬로톤급 폭발력을 발생시켰다. 증폭핵분열탄을 기폭제로 사용하여 다단계 핵융합을 일으키는 열핵융합탄보다 폭발력이 더 강한 무기는 이 세상에 존재하지 않는다. 열핵융합탄은 그야말로 최상위 종결자인 것이다. 그런데 놀랍게도, 2013년 2월 12일 조선에서 진행된 핵실험이 폭발력을 12.2킬로톤으로 크게 줄인 열화열핵융합탄실험이었다. 조선은 약 25년 동안 핵개발분야에서 자력갱생의 간고한 투쟁을 밀고나간 끝에 마침내 열핵융합탄실험에 성공하여 세계 최강의 핵강국 반열에 올라설 수 있었다. 조선은 미국이 상상하지 못하는 최첨단 핵기술과 초강력한 핵억제력을 보유한 것이다. 조선이 말하는 '최후결전'은 그런 초강력 핵억제력으로 미국의 핵공격을 원천봉쇄한 상태에서 단 3일만에 끝나는 초단기속결전으로 될 것으로 보인다. 만일 조선에게 열핵융합탄이 없다면 3일전쟁은 불가능할 것이다.     ©자주시보, 한호석 소장

 

규모가 5.0이긴 했지만 소형 수소탄 시험이었다는 점에서 매우 심각한 시험이었다. 이번에도 그런 소형 수소탄 시험일 가능성이 높아 보인다. 핵은 소형일수록 미사일에 장착하기가 쉽고 멀리 보낼 수 있어 더 위력적이다. 특히 수소탄은 원자탄보다 훨씬 더 파괴력이 크기 때문에 더욱 무서운 무기로 현존하는 가장 파괴력이 큰 폭탄이다.

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우리는 조선을 배우고 따르고 본받아서, 꿋꿋하고 용기있는 삶을 살고 싸워나가야갰습니다.

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SEOUL, South Korea — North Korea conducted its fifth underground nuclear test on Friday, South Korean officials said, despite threats of more sanctions from the United States and the United Nations. The latest test, according to the officials, produced a more powerful explosive yield than the North’s previous detonations, indicating that the country was making progress in its efforts to build a functional nuclear warhead.

A statement from the South Korean military also said that an artificial tremor, registered as magnitude 5.0, had originated from Punggye-ri in northeastern North Korea, where the North has conducted its four previous underground nuclear tests.

A senior Defense Ministry official later told reporters that his ministry had concluded that the tremor was caused by a nuclear detonation.

The ministry estimated the explosive yield as being equivalent to 10 kilotons of TNT, the most powerful detonation unleashed in a North Korean nuclear test so far, according to the official, who briefed reporters on condition of anonymity. The South Korean government estimated the North’s last nuclear test, conducted in January, at 4.8 magnitude with an explosive yield of six to nine kilotons. (By comparison, the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima in 1945 exploded with 15 kilotons of energy.)

Prime Minister Hwang Kyo-ahn of South Korea called an emergency meeting of top security officials, while his boss, President Park Geun-hye, cut short a visit to Laos, the president’s office said.

The episode unfolded less than a day after President Obama concluded the final Asian tour of his presidency and highlighted the conundrums that the North Korean threat presents to the United States and China, which have often been at odds over how to respond to the bellicose acts of North Korea’s leader, Kim Jong-un.

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A meeting to celebrate the 68th anniversary of the founding of the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea was held in the capital, Pyongyang, on Friday. Credit Korean Central News Agency, via Agence France-Presse — Getty Images
In Washington, Ned Price, a National Security Council spokesman, said: “We are aware of seismic activity on the Korean Peninsula in the vicinity of a known North Korean nuclear test site. We are monitoring and continuing to assess the situation in close coordination with our regional partners.”

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The nuclear test sets the stage for a new round of tensions on the divided Korean Peninsula, and heightens anxieties elsewhere in Asia and beyond. For the past two decades, Washington has been struggling in vain to stop North Korea’s bellicose, anti-American leaders from arming the country with nuclear weapons.

Although it was long thought that North Korean nuclear and missile tests were intended as muscle flexing for both internal and external consumption, and as a way to exact concessions from the great powers,a growing number of experts and officials say that the North may be committed to assembling a nuclear arsenal that would include smaller weapons that could be mounted on short-range missiles.

Ms. Park said later on Friday that the latest test proved a “fanatical recklessness of the Kim Jong-un regime.”

“The only thing the Kim Jong-un regime will get from this nuclear test will be more intensified sanctions from the international community and deeper isolation,” Ms. Park said. “This kind of provocation will only quicken its eventual self-destruction.”

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan said if a test had been conducted, “it simply cannot be justified.” He added that he had instructed government security analysts to collect as much information as possible and share it with the United States, South Korea, China and Russia.

There was no immediate official reaction from China, North Korea’s biggest economic benefactor and closest political ally, though the state-run People’s Daily reported on its social media account that “tremors were strongly felt” in the Chinese city of Yanji on the border with North Korea.

Photo

The North Korean leader Kim Jong-un attending what was said to be a drill by artillery units that were testing ballistic rockets. Credit Korean Central News Agency, via Reuters
Though Beijing’s relations have been strained over Pyongyang’s growing nuclear ambitions, China’s leader, Xi Jinping, has refrained from severely punishing Mr. Kim.

The Obama administration has pointed to North Korea as one of the issues where China and the United States could work together, and praised China for supporting United Nations sanctions imposed this year against North Korea.

But reports from the border region with North Korea show that Chinese trade continues, and Washington and Beijing increasingly differ on how to deal with the North’s nuclear program.

When South Korea agreed in July to the American request to deploy an antimissile system, known as the Terminal High Altitude Area Defense system, as protection against North Korea’s nuclear weapons, China strongly protested and even suggested that the deployment was as provocative as the North Korean tests.

At the meeting between Mr. Obama and Mr. Xi in Hangzhou, China, last week, the Chinese leader reiterated his opposition to the deployment of the Thaad system, asking the United States to respect China’s strategic interests.

One of China’s biggest fears is a collapse of North Korea that would result in a unified Korean Peninsula under an American defense treaty. For that reason, Chinese analysts say, China has tolerated Mr. Kim’s advances in nuclear weapons.

North Korea last tested a nuclear device on Jan. 6. In April, Ms. Park warned that the North might be preparing for another underground nuclear test in defiance of United Nations sanctions.

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Friday will be the 68th anniversary of the founding of the North Korean government. The country often celebrates its major holidays with displays of military might. Last week, it fired three ballistic missiles into the sea between the North and Japan, prompting the United Nations Security Council to urge the North to stop provocations or face more sanctions.

In March, the North Korean state news media reported that Mr. Kim had ordered that a “nuclear warhead explosion test” be conducted soon, as well as tests of ballistic missiles capable of delivering nuclear warheads. North Korea has since launched a series of ballistic missiles, including one fired from a submarine last month.

After the North’s nuclear test in January, and a long-range rocket launch weeks later, the United Nations Security Council imposed new sanctions on the country, with the support of China. But the North has continued to flaunt its nuclear ambitions with a series of tests and claims about what it says are its growing technological capabilities.

Since inheriting power from his father, Kim Jong-il, in late 2011, Kim Jong-un has called for accelerating the North’s pursuit of long-range missiles and nuclear weapons in defiance of international pressure. Three of the North’s five nuclear tests have been conducted under his rule.

In recent months, North Korea has indicated that it is now capable of building a warhead compact and sophisticated enough to mount on an intercontinental ballistic missile. But such claims have been difficult to verify.

North Korea has never flight-tested a long-range missile, and officials and analysts in the region generally doubt that it has built a reliable ICBM. But the heads of two government-run think tanks in Seoul have recently said that they believe North Korea is now able to mount a nuclear warhead on a short-range Scud or medium-range Rodong missile, if not on an ICBM.

Pyongyang said its Jan. 6 nuclear test was of a hydrogen bomb, which would have marked a major escalation in its capacity for destruction.

Yet analysts were skeptical of the claim, saying that such a weapon would have generated a much bigger seismic wave. Some experts said the North might have tried to boost the yield of a more basic device by using tritium, a radioactive form of hydrogen.

Choe Sang-Hun reported from Seoul and Jane Perlez from Beijing. Motoko Rich contributed reporting from Tokyo, and Eric Schmitt from Washington.

A version of this article appears in print on September 9, 2016, on page A1 of the New York edition with the headline: South Reports a Nuclear Test in North Korea. Order Reprints| Today's Paper|Subscribe

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North Korea conducts fifth nuclear test as regime celebrates national holiday

By Anna Fifield September 9 at 12:24 AM
TOKYO — North Korea conducted its fifth atomic test Friday morning, South Korean officials said, as Kim Jong Un’s regime continues to defy international pressure aimed at making it abandon its nuclear and missile programs.

The test, which analysts said appeared to be of a large nuclear device, came at exactly 9 a.m. local time on Friday, the 68th anniversary of the formation of the communist regime by Kim Il Sung, the current leader’s grandfather, and a national holiday.

It underscores North Korea’s continued defiance but also the ineffectiveness of even the most recent waves of tough sanctions imposed after the nuclear test in January, analysts said.

“The whole expectation eight or nine months ago was that sanctions were finally going to bring North Korea to heel, but clearly that is not the case,” said David Kang, a professor of international relations at the University of Southern California. “Clearly they respond to pressure with pressure of their own.”

Still, the international community would look for ways to inflict more pain on North Korea to punish the regime for its continued defiance, said Park Geun-hye, the South Korean president.

“North Korea’s nuclear test is a grave threat to the international community and we strongly condemn it,” Park said Friday from Laos, where she had been attending the East Asia Summit and the ASEAN meeting. She cut short her trip to return immediately to South Korea.

“We will use all possible measures to increase pressure on the North,” she said, according to the Yonhap news agency. “North Korea’s desperate dependence on nuclear development is testimony to Kim Jong Un’s fanaticism and recklessness. North Korea’s provocations will do nothing but accelerate its self-destruction.”

After the U.S. Geological Survey reported a 5.3-magnitude earthquake near Punggye-ri, the location of North Korea’s previous nuclear tests, on Friday morning, South Korea’s defense ministry said it believed the Kim regime had ordered another nuclear test.

Analysts said the earthquake was artificial. “USGS is calling it an explosion because it has all the hallmarks: The waveform is sudden, unlike an earthquake, the depth is shallow, the location is the North Korean test site, and it happened on the half-hour,” said Jeffrey Lewis, director of the East Asia nonproliferation program at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies in Monterey, Calif.

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“This is clearly a nuclear test,” Lewis said, estimating the size at between 10 and 20 kilotons, a size that, if confirmed, would make this the biggest of North Korea’s five tests.

The governments in both South Korea and Japan convened emergency meetings to discuss the test.

In Washington, U.S. National Security Council spokesman Ned Price said in a statement: “We are aware of seismic activity on the Korean Peninsula in the vicinity of a known North Korean nuclear test site. We are monitoring and continuing to assess the situation in close coordination with our regional partners.”

Scientists are now working to determine what kind of test it was, with Japan immediately sending two “sniffer” planes into the air. “Let’s see if any gases escape the test tunnel that would give away the nature of the device,” said Joshua Pollack, editor of the Nonproliferation Review.This test seemed to have both a domestic and an international purpose, said Yang Moo-jin, a professor at the University of North Korean Studies in Seoul.

“Domestically, KJU wants to present himself as a strong leader standing strong against the U.S.” he said, suggesting this could be because Kim, at 32, is so young but also perhaps because recent high-level defections have raised speculation of cracks in the regime.

“Internationally, this test is designed to show that sanctions imposed against North Korea and international pressure are not working. They’re urging the world to accept its failure and revise its North Korea policy,” Yang said.

Indeed, this latest test will cause consternation and hand-wringing in international capitals.

The U.N. Security Council imposed tough new sanctions in March to punish North Korea for its January nuclear test — which the regime claimed was of a hydrogen bomb — and a long-range ballistic missile test in February.

It ordered a ban on mineral exports from North Korea, a major source of income for the regime, and strict inspections of all cargo going in and out of the country. The United States followed with new financial sanctions and by designating Kim Jong Un by name for human rights abuses. South Korea has also taken a strident approach, closing an inter-Korean industrial park that had been a major source of revenue for the regime.


Still, Kim has become increasingly defiant, testing a range of missiles this year and apparently making some technological progress, including on a submarine-launched ballistic missile.

In its most recent salvo, North Korea launched three medium-range missiles Monday as China, which had joined the international condemnation of last month’s submarine-launched ballistic missile, was hosting the Group of 20 meeting. The rockets flew 620 miles, falling inside Japan’s air defense identification zone.

A day after those launches, the Security Council issued its latest condemnation of the Kim regime’s activities.

“The members of the Security Council deplore all the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea’s ballistic missile activities, including these launches, noting that such activities contribute to [its] development of nuclear weapons delivery systems and increase tension,” the council said in statement Tuesday, using North Korea’s official name.

Analysts expect another round of discussions on ways to put pressure on North Korea, despite the fact that the latest efforts have not had an impact.

“There’s now obvious progress in North Korea’s nuclear and missile programs. They seem to be making precisely the technical progress that people don’t want,” said Euan Graham, a security expert at the Lowy Institute in Sydney who once served as a British diplomat in Pyongyang. “North Korea is obviously prepared to take the economic pain and is able to conintue to materially supply the two programs. We're in a race to the bottom.”

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